Math 22 Graph of Equation
The Graph of an Equation
The graph of an equation is the set of all points that are solutions of the equation.
In this section, we use point-plotting method. With this method, you construct a table of values that consists of several solution points of the equation
For example, sketch the graph of . We can construct the table below by plugging points for .
So, we can sketch the graph from those order pairs.
Intercepts of a Graph
Some solution points have zero as either the -coordinate or the -coordinate. These points are called intercepts because they are the points at which the graph intersects the - or -axis.
To find -intercepts, let be zero and solve the equation for . To find -intercepts, let be zero and solve the equation for .
Example Find the x-intercepts and y-intercepts of the function
|x-intercept: Let , so , hence , therefore, or|
|y-intercept: Let , so|
|Answer: and are x-intercepts|
The standard form of the equation of a circle is The point is the center of the circle, and the positive number is the radius of the circle
In general, to write an equation of a circle, we need to know radius and the center .
Example Given that the point is on the circle centered at (3,4). Find the equation of a circle.
|We need to know the radius and the center in order to write the equation. The center is given at . It is left to find the radius.|
|Radius is the distance between the center and a point on the circle. So, radius is the distance between and .|
|Now, write the equation of the circle with radius and center to get:|
Distance between and can be calculated by using
Points of Intersection
An ordered pair that is a solution of two different equations is called a point of intersection of the graphs of the two equations
For example, find the point(s) of intersection of two equations and .
The order pairs that satisfy both of these equation should have the same value, so
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