# 009A Sample Final A, Problem 6

6. Find the vertical and horizontal asymptotes of the function  $f(x)={\frac {\sqrt {4x^{2}+3}}{10x-20}}.$ Foundations:
Vertical asymptotes occur whenever the denominator of a rational function goes to zero, and  it doesn't cancel from the numerator.
On the other hand, horizontal asymptotes represent the limit as $x$ goes to either positive or negative infinity.

Solution:

Vertical Asymptotes:
Setting the denominator to zero, we have
$0=10x-20=10(x-2),$ which has a root at $x=2.$ This is our vertical asymptote.
Horizontal Asymptotes:
More work is required here. Since we need to find the limits at $\pm \infty$ , we can multiply our $f(x)$ by

${\frac {\sqrt {\frac {1}{x^{2}}}}{\,\,\,{\frac {1}{x}}}}.$ This expression is equal to $1$ for positive values of $x$ , and is equal to $-1$ for negative values of $x$ . Since multiplying $f(x)$ by an expression equal to $1$ doesn't change the limit, we will add a negative sign to our fraction when considering the limit as $x$ goes to $-\infty$ . Thus,

$\lim _{x\rightarrow \pm \infty }{\frac {\sqrt {4x^{2}+3}}{10x-20}}\,\,\cdot \,\,\pm {\frac {\sqrt {\frac {1}{x^{2}}}}{\,\,\,{\frac {1}{x}}}}=\lim _{x\rightarrow \pm \infty }\pm {\frac {\sqrt {{\frac {4x^{2}}{x^{2}}}+{\frac {3}{x^{2}}}}}{{\frac {10x}{x}}-{\frac {20}{x}}}}=\lim _{x\rightarrow \pm \infty }\pm {\frac {\sqrt {4+{\frac {3}{x^{2}}}}}{10-{\frac {20}{x}}}}=\pm {\frac {2}{10}}=\pm {\frac {1}{5}}$ Thus, we have a horizontal asymptote at $y=-1/5$ on the left (as $x$ goes to $-\infty$ ), and a horizontal asymptote at $y=1/5$ on the right (as $x$ goes to $+\infty$ ).