# 008A Sample Final A, Question 14

Question: Compute ${\displaystyle \displaystyle {\sum _{n=1}^{\infty }5\left({\frac {3}{5}}\right)^{n}}}$

Foundations:
1) What type of series is this?
2) Which formula, on the back page of the exam, is relevant to this question?
3) In the formula there are some placeholder variables. What is the value of each placeholder?
2) The desired formula is ${\displaystyle S_{\infty }={\frac {a_{1}}{1-r}}}$
3) ${\displaystyle a_{1}}$ is the first term in the series, which is ${\displaystyle 5{\frac {3}{5}}=3}$. The value for r is the ratio between consecutive terms, which is ${\displaystyle {\frac {3}{5}}}$
We start by identifying this series as a geometric series, and the desired formula for the sum being ${\displaystyle S_{\infty }={\frac {a_{1}}{1-r}}}$.
Since ${\displaystyle a_{1}}$ is the first term in the series, ${\displaystyle a_{1}=5{\frac {3}{5}}=3}$. The value for r is the ratio between consecutive terms, which is ${\displaystyle {\frac {3}{5}}}$. Plugging everything in we have ${\displaystyle S_{\infty }={\frac {3}{1-{\frac {3}{5}}}}={\frac {3}{\frac {2}{5}}}={\frac {15}{2}}}$
${\displaystyle {\frac {15}{2}}}$