# 022 Sample Final A, Problem 4

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Use implicit differentiation to find ${\frac {dy}{dx}}:\qquad x+y=x^{3}y^{3}$ Foundations:
When we use implicit differentiation, we combine the chain rule with the fact that $y$ is a function of $x$ , and could really be written as $y(x).$ Because of this, the derivative of $y^{3}$ with respect to $x$ requires the chain rule, so
${\frac {d}{dx}}\left(y^{3}\right)=3y^{2}\cdot {\frac {dy}{dx}}.$ For this problem we also need to use the product rule.

Solution:

Step 1:
First, we differentiate each term separately with respect to $x$ and apply the product rule on the right hand side to find that  $x+y=x^{3}y^{3}$ differentiates implicitly to
$1+{\frac {dy}{dx}}=3x^{2}y^{3}+3x^{3}y^{2}\cdot {\frac {dy}{dx}}$ .
Step 2:
Now we need to solve for ${\frac {dy}{dx}}$ and doing so we find that ${\frac {dy}{dx}}={\frac {3x^{2}y^{3}-1}{1-3x^{3}y^{2}}}$ ${\frac {dy}{dx}}={\frac {3x^{2}y^{3}-1}{1-3x^{3}y^{2}}}$ 