Difference between revisions of "009B Sample Midterm 2, Problem 2"

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(Created page with "<span class="exam"> This problem has three parts: ::<span class="exam">a) State the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. ::<span class="exam">b) Compute   <math style="ve...")
 
 
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<span class="exam"> This problem has three parts:
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<span class="exam"> Evaluate
  
::<span class="exam">a) State the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
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<span class="exam">(a) &nbsp; <math style="vertical-align: -14px">\int_1^2\bigg(2t+\frac{3}{t^2}\bigg)\bigg(4t^2-\frac{5}{t}\bigg)~dt</math>
  
::<span class="exam">b) Compute &thinsp; <math style="vertical-align: -15px">\frac{d}{dx}\int_0^{\cos (x)}\sin (t)~dt</math>.
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<span class="exam">(b) &nbsp; <math style="vertical-align: -14px">\int_0^2 (x^3+x)\sqrt{x^4+2x^2+4}~dx</math>
  
::<span class="exam">c) Evaluate <math style="vertical-align: -14px">\int_{0}^{\pi/4}\sec^2 x~dx</math>.
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<hr>
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[[009B Sample Midterm 2, Problem 2 Solution|'''<u>Solution</u>''']]
  
  
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
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[[009B Sample Midterm 2, Problem 2 Detailed Solution|'''<u>Detailed Solution</u>''']]
!Foundations: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|Review the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
 
|}
 
  
'''Solution:'''
 
  
'''(a)'''
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
 
!Step 1: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus has two parts.
 
|-
 
|'''The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part 1'''
 
|-
 
|Let <math style="vertical-align: -4px">f</math> be continuous on <math style="vertical-align: -5px">[a,b]</math> and let <math style="vertical-align: -14px">F(x)=\int_a^x f(t)~dt</math>.
 
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|Then, <math style="vertical-align: 0px">F</math> is a differentiable function on <math style="vertical-align: -5px">(a,b)</math>, and <math style="vertical-align: -5px">F'(x)=f(x)</math>.
 
|}
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
 
!Step 2: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|'''The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part 2'''
 
|-
 
|Let <math style="vertical-align: -4px">f</math> be continuous on <math style="vertical-align: -5px">[a,b]</math> and let <math style="vertical-align: 0px">F</math> be any antiderivative of <math style="vertical-align: -4px">f</math>.
 
|-
 
|Then, <math style="vertical-align: -14px">\int_a^b f(x)~dx=F(b)-F(a)</math>.
 
|}
 
'''(b)'''
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
 
!Step 1: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|Let <math style="vertical-align: -15px">F(x)=\int_0^{\cos (x)}\sin (t)~dt</math>. The problem is asking us to find <math style="vertical-align: -5px">F'(x)</math>.
 
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|Let <math style="vertical-align: -5px">g(x)=\cos(x)</math> and <math style="vertical-align: -14px">G(x)=\int_0^x \sin(t)~dt</math>.
 
|-
 
|Then, <math style="vertical-align: -5px">F(x)=G(g(x))</math>.
 
|}
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
 
!Step 2: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|If we take the derivative of both sides of the last equation, we get <math style="vertical-align: -5px">F'(x)=G'(g(x))g'(x)</math> by the Chain Rule.
 
|}
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
 
!Step 3: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|Now, <math style="vertical-align: -5px">g'(x)=-\sin(x)</math> and <math style="vertical-align: -5px">G'(x)=\sin(x)</math> by the '''Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part 1'''.
 
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|Since <math style="vertical-align: -6px">G'(g(x))=\sin(g(x))=\sin(\cos(x))</math>, we have <math style="vertical-align: -5px">F'(x)=G'(g(x))\cdot g'(x)=\sin(\cos(x))\cdot(-\sin(x))</math>.
 
|}
 
 
'''(c)'''
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
 
!Step 1: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| Using the '''Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part 2''', we have
 
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| &nbsp;&nbsp; <math>\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{4}}\sec^2 x~dx=\tan(x)\biggr|_{0}^{\pi/4}</math>
 
|}
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
 
!Step 2: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|So, we get
 
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| &nbsp;&nbsp; <math style="vertical-align: -16px">\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{4}}\sec^2 x~dx=\tan \bigg(\frac{\pi}{4}\bigg)-\tan (0)=1</math>.
 
|-
 
|
 
|}
 
 
{| class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style = "text-align:left;"
 
!Final Answer: &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|'''(a)'''
 
|-
 
|'''The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part 1'''
 
|-
 
|Let <math style="vertical-align: -4px">f</math> be continuous on <math style="vertical-align: -5px">[a,b]</math> and let <math style="vertical-align: -14px">F(x)=\int_a^x f(t)~dt</math>.
 
|-
 
|Then, <math style="vertical-align: 0px">F</math> is a differentiable function on <math style="vertical-align: -5px">(a,b)</math>, and <math style="vertical-align: -5px">F'(x)=f(x)</math>.
 
|-
 
|'''The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part 2'''
 
|-
 
|Let <math style="vertical-align: -4px">f</math> be continuous on <math style="vertical-align: -5px">[a,b]</math> and let <math style="vertical-align: 0px">F</math> be any antiderivative of <math style="vertical-align: -4px">f</math>.
 
|-
 
|Then, <math style="vertical-align: -14px">\int_a^b f(x)~dx=F(b)-F(a)</math>.
 
|-
 
|'''(b)''' &nbsp; <math style="vertical-align: -15px">\frac{d}{dx}\int_0^{\cos (x)}\sin (t)~dt\,=\,\sin(\cos(x))\cdot(-\sin(x))</math>.
 
|-
 
|'''(c)''' <math style="vertical-align: -14px">\int_{0}^{\pi/4}\sec^2 x~dx\,=\,1</math>.
 
|}
 
 
[[009B_Sample_Midterm_2|'''<u>Return to Sample Exam</u>''']]
 
[[009B_Sample_Midterm_2|'''<u>Return to Sample Exam</u>''']]

Latest revision as of 18:09, 12 November 2017

Evaluate

(a)  

(b)  


Solution


Detailed Solution


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